April 4, 2020 ~ Sh HAGADOL. M: RAHAWI-NAWA.

Rahawi-Nawah - رهاو نوى

Introduction

Maqam Rahawi ( רהאווי / רהאוו ) Nawah ( נאווה ) symbolizes the end of something. Nawah and Rahaw are two different maqams. Nawah is the maqam used to chant mishnayot as well as the maqam of the Qabbalat Shabbat and Arbit of Shabbat services. The last verse of Psalm 93,"lebetekha nava qodesh...", which is said prior to Qaddish on Friday night, alludes to Maqam Nawah, because nava read in the Syrian-Hebrew manner would be nawa and not nava. Nawah is suggested to be used on Friday night also because Mishnah ("Bameh Madliqin") is said during Qabbalat Shabbat.

Rahaw is the maqam of the Pesah Haggadah as well as the pizmon "Emounim 'Irkhu Shebah" therefore it is closely associated with Pesah, and we use it for Shabbat Morning prayers on Shabbat HaGadol, the Shabbat prior to Pesah.

Nikriz pentachord: starting on C

Index

Pizmon Page Song CommentaryRecordings Application
433 357 את רעיה Abraham Rahaw. Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript Yabess Manuscript Recording
Recording (MB)
Nishmat (MB)
נשמת
434 358 מגן אל צורי Moshe Tabbush Manuscript G. Shrem
I. Cabasso- Qedusha
G. Shrem
Recording
Isaac Cabasso- Qaddish
Maury Blanco
I Cabasso
קדיש
435 358 מעלפת ספירים Mordechai Attiah Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript G. Shrem
G. Shrem
Qaddish (MB)
קדיש
436 359 אמונים ערכו שבח אהרן כהן Emunim (RAHAW, page 359), or "The Faithful," is an important Sephardic hymn for Pesah; specifically for the Leil HaSeder. It can be found in Mahzor Aram Soba (1527), making it one of our oldest pizmonim still in active transmission. It has the acrostic of "Aharon Kohen." Each of the 7 stanzas end with the words "Va'amartem Zebah Pesah..." (ואמרתם זבח פסח); referring to the commandment mentioned in Exodus 12:27 to offer the Qorban Pesah to God. Other Missvot relating to Pesah are also referred to, such as, eating Massa and Maror, drinking the four cups of wine, and retelling of the story of the exodus from Egypt (ending with receiving the Torah). The last verse ends "Your doings are wondrous; Your miracles are powerful; all those who seek refuge in You will say 'It is good to take refuge in the Lord' (Psalm 118:8)." The hymn is traditionally sung at the Seder in the Magid portion, and the melody of this hymn is applied to the prayers for Semehim of Shabbat Hagadol, and Naqdishakh of Ereb Pesah. Mahzor Aram Soba 1527 Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Yabess Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 Yosef Hamaoui
G. Shrem
G. Shrem 2
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
Recording
Recording
M Habusha
שמחים
437 360 מלך המפואר משה חזק Rahawi. Rosh Hashana, but also may be used for Pesah. Attiah Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Yabess Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 G. Shrem
G. Shrem 2
G. Shrem
Recording
שמחים
438 361 בנה לי זבול משכני רפאל חזק Pesah melody. Attiah Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Yabess Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 G. Shrem
G. Shrem 2
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
Recording
Isaac Cabasso- Rau Banim
נקדישך
439 361 מי ימלל Mordechai Abadi This pizmon, (Maqam NAWAH, page 361), is composed by H Mordekhai Abadi (Aleppo, 1826, - Jerusalem, 1884), author of "Dibre Mordekhai," and other Halakha responsa. There are a total of 5 stanzas in this pizmon; corresponding to מ-ר-ד-כ-י. "Who can recount the strengths and wonders of the most perfect and wise?" the poem begins, and then proceeds to list the miracles that God orchestrated as the Children of Israel leave Egypt. Starting with the third stanza, the 10 plagues that occurred in Egypt are poetically described. In the last verse, after the festival of Pesah is mentioned, there is a reference to the belief that Pesah, a time of a previous redemption, will be the season in the future when "we will be redeemed." As per the Hazzanut notes of H Moshe Ashear, this song is reserved for Shabbat Bo and Shabbat Hagadol. The Ades synagogue in Jerusalem, however, has a tradition of using this song one week earlier on Shabbat Vaera. Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Yosef Hamaoui
G. Shrem
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
Recording
Y Nahari
I Cabasso
Maury Blanco
ממצרים
440 363 יצא למלוך מבית סורים ישראל בר משה בר לוי חזק This pizmon (NAWA, page 363), is a retelling of the Joseph story (Genesis 39-41) in poetic form based on classical Midrash sources. This piece by H Israel Najara (1555-1625) has the acrostic: Israel Bar Moshe Bar Levi Hazaq. There are 16 stanzas in this poem and as a rule, the first three phrases of each stanza rhyme with the last phrase of the preceding stanza (AAAB- BBBC- CCCD etc). The last two stanzas of this poem indicate that the story of Joseph is a source of inspiration for our people; a people who experienced the hardships of poverty (אביון) and oppression (עבד) throughout the ages. The last stanza is the call for redemption of the nation and the hope that God will raise us just like He raised Joseph from the dust of poverty to the power of royalty. According to H Moshe Ashear, this song is traditionally applied for Semehim or Mimisrayim on Shabbat Vayesheb or as a Pizmon Sefer Torah for Shabbat Miqes. Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript G. Shrem
G. Shrem
A Mouhadeb
441 365 דר רומה Shabbat Vayera. A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 Yosef Hamaoui
G. Shrem
G. Shrem
Recording
אל ההודאות
442 366 אל מתנשא לכל לראש לפניך היום תדרוש סליחתם Abraham I Antebi Nawah. אברהם. Composed by H Abraham Antebi (1765-1858), Chief Rabbi of Aleppo from 1817. Pizmon found in "Ohel Yesharim" book from 1843. Attiah Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Shire Zimrah, Algiers, 1889 A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 Maury Blanco
443 367 שמרתני וחיתני Raphael Tabbush Hamaoui Manuscript Tabbush Manuscript G. Shrem
G. Shrem
Recording
ממצרים
444 367 יגן אלי על קהלי Missing melody. Tabbush Manuscript
445 368 מתי תשיר Raphael Tabbush Hamaoui Manuscript Tabbush Manuscript G. Shrem
G. Shrem
שועת עניים
446 368 רם לי יה רם לי Raphael Tabbush Hamaoui Manuscript Tabbush Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 G. Shrem
G. Shrem
Recording
447 369 אל בנה נא G. Shrem
Arabic
G. Shrem
Recording
נקדישך
448 370 מפי אל מפי אל א״ב Maqam Girkah Simhat Torah. Hamaoui Manuscript Attiah Manuscript Yabess Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 G. Shrem
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
אל ההודאות
449 371 סלח סלח אהרן הכהן חזק Attiah Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript G. Shrem
G. Shrem
Recording
שמחים
450 372 אודך אל טובות Raphael Tabbush Hanukkah song. Tabbush Manuscript G. Shrem
G. Shrem
ממצרים
451 373 גואלך גואלך Moses Ashear G. Shrem
G. Shrem
2167 יה מסי כבין רחמנא אסי כביהון לעם דנא יחמון ילדיהון מתבדרין Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Yabess Manuscript
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