October 22, 2020 ~ Shabbat NOAH. SIGAH.



Hanukkah, The Festival of Lights

Observed on 25 Kislev.

List of maqamat for each day of Hanukkah:

Hanukkah Day: (1) Rahawi (2) Iraq (3) Sigah (4) Saba (5) Rast (6) Nahwand (7) Sigah (8) Bayat

Image from Sassoon Manuscript #647 of the Maqamat and Pizmonim used on Hanukkah in Aleppo, circa 1850.


Section Pizmon Page Song CommentaryRecordings Application
5743 הנרות הללו D Binker-Duek
Tehillim 30 41 מזמור ל David A psalm of thanksgiving for the dedication of the House. Recited on Hanukkah. Thanking God for turning tragedy into triumph. Aleppo Codex Max E Tawil
H Baruch Ben Haim
מזמור שיר חנוכת הבית


Section Pizmon Page Song CommentaryRecordings Application
1412 203o יה הצל יונה מחכה Maqam Ajam Hanukkah song. Attiah Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript Recording
Eliahu Saal- Qaddish
Rahawi Nawah 440 363 יצא למלוך מבית סורים ישראל בר משה בר לוי חזק This pizmon (NAWA, page 363), is a retelling of the Joseph story (Genesis 39-41) in poetic form based on classical Midrash sources. This piece by H Israel Najara (1555-1625) has the acrostic: Israel Bar Moshe Bar Levi Hazaq. There are 16 stanzas in this poem and as a rule, the first three phrases of each stanza rhyme with the last phrase of the preceding stanza (AAAB- BBBC- CCCD etc). The last two stanzas of this poem indicate that the story of Joseph is a source of inspiration for our people; a people who experienced the hardships of poverty (אביון) and oppression (עבד) throughout the ages. The last stanza is the call for redemption of the nation and the hope that God will raise us just like He raised Joseph from the dust of poverty to the power of royalty. According to H Moshe Ashear, this song is traditionally applied for Semehim or Mimisrayim on Shabbat Vayesheb or as a Pizmon Sefer Torah for Shabbat Miqes. Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript G. Shrem
G. Shrem
A Mouhadeb
Ajam 202 166 מעוז צור "Maoz Sur Yeshuati" (AJAM, page 166), a piece from the 13th century Eastern Europe, is considered the most famous Jewish hymns for the festival of Hanukkah. The name of the song, meaning "Strong Rock, My Salvation," is a reference to God, and the song, throughout its 6 stanzas (acrostic: מרדכי חזק), recounts the many times that God saved the Jewish people. The hymn retells Jewish history in poetic form and celebrates deliverance from four ancient enemies, Pharaoh, Nebuchadnezzar, Haman, and Antiochus. In the first stanza, it says that God saved us during the times when the enemies are about to slaughter us, and this is when we rededicated the altar, a reference to the festival Hanukkah. The melody of this piece, according to Cantor Birnbaum of Konigsberg, is adapted from the old German folk-song "So weiss ich eins," and has been widely spread among German Jews as early as 1450. It has become tradition to sing the first verse of this song after lighting the Hanukkah candles. M Kairey
G. Shrem
Knis Ades- Rau Banim
Eliahu Saal- Qaddish
Rahawi Nawah 450 372 אודך אל טובות Raphael Tabbush Hanukkah song. Tabbush Manuscript G. Shrem
G. Shrem
Bayat 314 244 היכלו היכלו Raphael Tabbush Hanukkah. Thanking God for the deliverence against the enemies. Like "Al Hanissim", this song opens and closes with the Beit Hamikdash. This song also mentions Matityahu and the lighting of the Menora. Hamaoui Manuscript Tabbush Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 M. Nadaf
Maury Blanco
Sigah 1391 472s יביעון שפתי שירה יוסף יונה חזק Maqam Awj-Oj Hanukkah. Menorah. Attiah Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Iraqi Recording
Iraqi Recording
Yom Tob Yanani - Nishmat
M Habusha
H Abraham Zafrani- Nishmat
D Binker-Duek- Nishmat
Nahwand 259 207 לנרי ואורי Raphael Tabbush Hanukkah. E. Menaged
J Mosseri - EH
שועת עניים
Saba 508.2 424a אך טוב לישראל Abraham I Antebi אברהם. Composed by H Abraham Antebi (1765-1858), Chief Rabbi of Aleppo from 1817. Pizmon found in "Ohel Yesharim" book from 1843. Attiah Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript