January 25, 2020 ~ Sh VA'ERA. M HOSENI.

H Mordekhai Abadi (1826-1884)

H Mordekhai Abadi (1826-1884) was one of the greatest Hakhamim living in Aleppo. He composed many Halakhic responsa books, Biblical commentaries and sermons, as well as many liturgical poems (piyyutim and pizmonim). The names of some of his Halakhic books are: מעיין גנים, חן מרדכי, מליץ נעים. The Baqashot book that he assemmbled in 1873 was called "Miqra Qodesh" (מקרא קודש).  The book "דברי מרדכי" contains some of the pizmonim that he composed. Seven of his pizmonim became incorporated into the Baqashot canon. In addition, he composed the very popular pizmon, "מקהלות עם".

 

Pizmonim

Section Pizmon Page Song CommentaryRecordings Application
Baqashot 18 27 מי לה' אתי Maqam Bayat First seen in "Miqrah Qodesh", 1883. Bayat. Aharon Rahamim Hares Baqashot Manuscript, 1917 Archives
Ohabe Zion 1960
Baqashot 21 29 יום זה שירו Maqam Mehayar-Bayat This song (MEHAYAR / RAHAW, page 29), considered the most popular of the Baqashot collection, is composed by the great rabbi H Mordekhai Abadi (1826-1884) of Aleppo, Syria. Other compositions by H Abadi can be found in "Dibre Mordekhai" (Aleppo, 1873). Although the acrostic is “Yosef Binyamin Hazaq," H Abadi's name is hinted to in the song. The theme of the song is to encourage the people to enjoy the Shabbat by singing to God. According to the chorus, the Sabbath is special because it is a time of rest from work, and it is our inheritance to be happy on this very blessed day. Throughout the 5 stanzas, there are many allusions to verses from the Tanakh. The final verse is a charge to strengthen those in the community who wake up pre-dawn to sing the Baqashot; reminding them “these are your lives to reach strengths and to dwell in the courtyards in the House of God." Besides for singing this during the Baqashot, this song is also customarily heard on the table during the Shabbat meal. A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 Aharon Rahamim Hares Baqashot Manuscript, 1917 E. Menaged
Archives
Baqashot 31 39 יודוך מלך Maqam Rahawi Nawah Written by H Mordekhai Abadi (1826-1883). Rahawi Nawah. Aharon Rahamim Hares Baqashot Manuscript, 1917 Archives
E. Menaged
G. Shrem
G. Shrem
Ohabe Zion 1960
אל ההודאות
Baqashot 41 48 אני אספר Maqam Rast Written by H Mordekhai Abadi (1826-1883). Discusses the 39 Melakhot (forms of work prohibited on Shabbat). Rast. A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 Aharon Rahamim Hares Baqashot Manuscript, 1917 Archives
Yosef Hamaoui
G. Shrem
Ohabe Zion 1960
I Cabasso- Semehim
E Menaged
שמחים
Baqashot 42 51 מהללך ורוב גדלך Maqam Rast Written by H Mordekhai Abadi (1826-1883). Lists the seven heavens. Rast. A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 Aharon Rahamim Hares Baqashot Manuscript, 1917 Archives
Yosef Hamaoui
E. Sayegh
I. Cabasso - Qaddish
M. Kairey
M. Kairey (Domamim)
G. Shrem
G. Shrem
D Riahi- Nishmat
Isaac Cabasso- Nishmat
I Cabasso- Domamim- Qaddish
I Cabasso- Qaddish (Domamim)
E Menaged
נשמת
Baqashot 43 52 משמים שלום לעם Maqam Rast Written by H Mordekhai Abadi (1826-1883). Rast. A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 Aharon Rahamim Hares Baqashot Manuscript, 1917 Archives
G. Shrem
Ohabe Zion 1960
H Mousa Basul- Qaddish
D Riahi- Qaddish
E Menaged- Naqdishakh
E Menaged
נקדישך
Baqashot 54 62 מרומים ישכון Maqam Sigah Written by H Mordekhai Abadi (1826-1883). Sigah. Aharon Rahamim Hares Baqashot Manuscript, 1917 Archives
Ohabe Zion 1960
Ajam 215 173 מקהלות עם Torah or Hatan. A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 M Kairey
G. Shrem
Fule Yanani
Saul Nobeh Betesh
G. Shrem
Recording
I Cabasso
Eliahu Saal- Qaddish
נקדישך
Saba 496 411 מה טוב מה נעים Milah Abraham Sitehon Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 M Tawil
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
Recording
אל ההודאות
Saba 497 412 מבטן ידיד יה קדש Milah Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Morris Elmann
Fule Yanani
A Mouhadeb
D Kassin - Mimisrayim
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