April 27, 2017 ~ Sh TAZRIA-TAHOR. Maqam NAHWAND.

Sukkot

Sukkot, The Festival of Booths (סֻכּוֹת)

Introduction by Sam Catton

On this holiday, which occurs four days after Yom Kippur, Israel is commanded to dwell in make-shift booths for seven days and to bring together the four species of the Lulab cluster, the citron, the palm branch, the myrtle and the willow of the brook. These were waved as the worshippers encircled the Altar in the Temple. Today, the Synagogue Tebah replaces the Temple Altar. The complete Hallel is recited.

Thus, the people leave their homes of comfort, and enter into the frail booths for seven days to remind us of our forty years of traveling in the desert, where we had no homes, and where the Lord protected us from all the dangers during the most difficult years.

Sukkot is a very [happy] holiday. The people came from all parts of the country to celebrate in Jerusalem. Their jubilation was two-fold. Secure in the knowledge that their prayers were accepted on Yom Kippur, and extremely grateful for granaries and storehouses filled with the ingathering of all the produce of the fields. Everyone is commanded to rejoice during these seven days with their families, and thank the Almighty for all the blessings He has showered upon us.

As we fulfill God's commandment of dwelling in the Sukah, of holding the Lulab, by refraining from work, and by rejoicing in the Holiday, we indicate our fear and our love of God.

Maqamat: 1 Sukkot- Sigah; 2 Sukkot- Ajam (Sasgar); Shabbat Hol Hamoed- Bayat; Hoshana Rabbah- Yom Kippur Melodies; Shemini Aseret- Saba; Simhat Torah- Ajam

Image from Sassoon Manuscript #647 of Maqamat and Pizmonim used for the Sukkot festival services in Aleppo, circa 1850.

Shemini Asseret/Zot Haberacha (שמיני עצרת)

Introduction by Sam Catton

After the joyful observance of Sukkot, the Lord pleads with Israel to remain in Jerusalem an extension of one more day to the Sukkot Holiday; a one day individual holiday by itself known as Shemini Hag Aseret. God is saddened at the thought of the people going back home.

On this day, prayers were offered to the Lord to provide us with enough rainfall for our crops and for all other needs.

At this point, the cycle of the weekly Sabbath Torah readings is completed, and immediately a new cycle begins.

This day is also known as Simhat Torah, rejoicing in the Law. Unrestrained dancing with the Torah is accompanied with singing takes place. The Tebah is encircled seven times in a ceremony known as "Haqafot". Children of all ages participate. Candies, goodies, toys, and flags are generously distributed to children, thus instilling in them a love of Torah and of this holiday. The children overflow the Synagogues. Every inch of space is occupied.

Image from Sassoon Manuscript #647 of Pizmonim used for the Shemini Asseret and Simhat Torah festivals in Aleppo, circa 1850.

Pizmonim

Section Pizmon Page Song CommentaryRecordings Application
Sigah 518 435 אתה מרום Shalosh Regalim. Not clear if should be classified as Sigah. Some say Maqam Kuzam. Tabbush Manuscript E. Menaged
G. Shrem
M. Kairey
G. Shrem
Recording
קדיש
Mahour 181 151 חנון רחם Raphael Tabbush Sukkot. Hamaoui Manuscript Tabbush Manuscript M Kairey
Albert Cohen Saban
G. Shrem
Recording
I Cabasso
פזמון
Bayat 319 246 מעזי אז כלה קץ Raphael Tabbush Shalosh Regalim. Ma'Uzi, meaning 'the source of our strength', was composed to be sung during the three festivals when we are commanded to rejoice. It is based on Psalms 42-43 which are said throughout the Sukkot holiday. The words of the pizmon, like Psalms 42-43, are clearly tinged with longing, melancholy, and even pain. They remind us of the times when our hopes were raised, when we thought that redemption was at hand, only to have those hopes crushed. Only at the end does it conclude with hope of returning to the temple in the future during the three festivals. Commentary on Pizmon N. Salem
Vital Israel
E. Menaged
Fule Yanani
I. Cabasso- Shav'at
G. Shrem
Recording
R Barzani- Shaveat
I Cabasso
E Sayegh
שועת עניים
Nahwand 299.03 237c שאו ציונה נס ודגל Recording
Hijaz 585 485 רוכב עבים Raphael Tabbush Shemini Asseret. E. Menaged
G. Shrem
Recording
I Cabasso
H Abraham Zafrani
שועת עניים
Ajam 215 173 מקהלות עם Mordechai Abadi Torah or Hatan. A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 M Kairey
G. Shrem
Fule Yanani
Saul Nobeh Betesh
G. Shrem
Recording
I Cabasso
Eliahu Saal- Qaddish
נקדישך
Ajam 221.01 176a סוכה ולולב Sukkot. There are many melodies to this pizmon; including Maqam Ajam and Saba. J. Mosseri
Recording
Recording
Iraqi Recording
Hijaz 595 493 בואו נספר Hoshana Raba. Yabess Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 G. Shrem
G. Shrem
Recording
Rahawi Nawah 448 370 מפי אל מפי אל א״ב Maqam Girkah Simhat Torah. Hamaoui Manuscript Attiah Manuscript Yabess Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 G. Shrem
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
אל ההודאות
Ajam 228 179 אל רמה ימינך Raphael Tabbush Hatan Me'Onah. Tabbush Manuscript Yom Tob Yanani
David Sebi
Recording
שועת עניים
Bayat 326 249 ארוממך Simhat Torah. Many themes are in this pizmon including: redemption, bringing us to the time when we made pilgrimages tot eh Temple, to have mercy on Israel in exile. The Torah is mentioned throughout. Tabbush Manuscript Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
ממצרים
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